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Fire Suppression

The Mt. Lebanon Fire Department provides structural fire protection services utilizing four engines, a truck, and an heavy rescue truck deployed out of a single station and staffed by a compliment of 17 career and 40 volunteer firefighters.  The Department responds to approximately 20 building fires within Municipal boundaries annually.

The Department’s 2015 90th percentile baseline turnout time is 74 second , the 90th percentile baseline travel time for the 1st due unit is 4 minutes and 41 seconds and the 90th percentile assembly time for the balance of a first alarm assignment (15 firefighters) is 12:26.     Annual fire loss averaged $16.87 per capita over the previous 5-year period.

The Department has completed an community-wide risk analysis.  All residential and commercial properties within the Municipality have been analyzed for fire-related risks, based on occupancy vulnerability scores and including probability and consequence, and have been classified as:

  • Special – This risk can be defined as properties or risks of substantial size that present the potential for a severe loss of life, severe loss of economic values to the community, large loss to property, or that pose special challenges for emergency responders.
  • High – This risk can be defined as properties or risks of substantial size, or a predominate concentration of properties, presenting the potential for a substantial loss of life, a severe financial impact on the community, unusual damage to property, or the inability to deliver core public services.
  • Moderate – built-up areas of average size with a moderate potential for the loss of property loss and a loss of life risk that is generally limited to a relatively small number of occupants.
  • Low – non-residential properties that are isolated from any centers of population or sprinklered commercial properties that pose minimal risk to loss of life or property.

The Mt. Lebanon Fire Department’s structural fire response benchmarks are based on acceptable variations that draw on existing promulgated standards, specifically National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard 1710, Standard for the Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations to the Public by Career Fire Departments for an “urban” environment.

The Mt. Lebanon Fire Department’s first unit benchmark is to respond to all moderate risk suppression events in 6 minutes and 50 seconds or less, total response time, 90% of the time.  The 6 minute and 50 second total response time benchmark allows for a call handling time of 90 seconds or less 90% of the time, a turnout time of 80 seconds or less 95% of the time, and a travel time of 4 minutes or less 90% of the time.   The first-due unit shall be staffed with a minimum of three (3) firefighters and be capable of carrying 500 gallons of water and a 1,500 gpm pumping capacity, establishing a rapid intervention team and entry team and advancing the first line for fire control with an initial firefighting force of four (4) firefighters within one minute of arrival of the 1st due unit 90% of the time.

 

The Department’s moderate risk effective response force (ERF) assembly benchmark is to provide an ERF of fifteen (15) firefighters in 10 minutes and 50 seconds or less total response time, 90% of the time.  The ERF shall be capable of establishing command, establishing an uninterrupted water supply, advancing an attack and backup line for fire control, forcible entry, utility control, victim search and rescue and ventilation.